The effectiveness of emergency medical care in the modern city depends not only on the quality of medical equipment, but also on the correct assessment of the operational factors associated with loading urban transport networks and resources of special medical institutions. The effectiveness of treatment for acute conditions (such as acute coronary syndrome) depends on the time of delivery of the patient to the operating room.
We are able to simulate and optimize the movement of an ambulance fleet in a real load transportation infrastructure. We take into account the cyclical and calendrical nature of applications for emergency medical care, as well as mobility during the day, and congestion of the emergency department of medical institutions. Overall this approach resolves two issues: (a) efficient optimization of ambulance fleet routes with the aim to shorten the time of patient hospitalization in various critical conditions, (b) enhancement of regulations concerning the function of emergency care stations with the goal of providing steady service for the urban population in the long-term perspective.
St. Petersburg is an illustrative example of this model functioning. Two emergency care stations located on Vasilievsky island are studied, in addition to medical institutes that take patients in from ambulances, such as the Federal Almazov North-West Medical Research Centre (the beneficiary of this development).
Evaluation of Dynamic Ambulance Routing for the Transportation of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome in Saint-petersburg // Procedia Computer Science. — 2015. — Vol. 66. — pp. 419-428.